Key terms used in Health & Fitness world

Let's get familiar with common terms used in Health, Fitness & Nutrition understand:

Aerobic: Aerobic activity increases your breathing rate and heart rate while using your large muscle groups.

Body Composition: Body composition is the amount of fat compared to your lean body mass.

Calorie: A calorie is the unit of measurement for food energy; it’s the amount of energy required to increase the temperature of one gram of water by one degree Celsius.

Exercise: A physical activity that takes effort and that you do for a sustained period of time would be exercise.

Flexibility: As you move, your flexibility is determined by the ability of your joints to flex and move within a range of motion for extended periods of time.

Food Pyramid: The food pyramid is a diagram shaped like a pyramid that shows how much of the different food groups people should eat every day.

Health: Complete health involves mental and physical well-being.

Muscles: Your muscles are the fibrous tissues that make it possible to move and maintain positions.

Nutrition: Nutrition is what you eat and drink to give your body the elements it needs to survive.

Overweight: If someone’s weight is higher than what would be considered healthy, they may be overweight. The BMI category for being overweight ranges between 25 and 29.9.

Physical Activity: Physical activity is any body movement you perform that involves energy expenditure as you move your muscles. The intensity of physical activity can be mild, moderate, or vigorous.

Physical Fitness: Someone who is physically fit is able to perform daily exercise and activities without getting too tired.

Strength: Strength is the ability of your muscles to exert a force.

Wellness: Wellness involves your behaviors and choices that help you feel better and live a happier life.

Some of the advance vocabulary used in Fitness industries are mentioned below:

Full Form
Calculation Method
Basal Metabolic Rate
BMR is your Basalmetabolic rate i.e. if you did absolutely nothing all day, it is the number of calories your body uses to sustain life.

BMR Calculator

Total Daily Energy Expenditure
TDEE is your total daily energy expenditure. It is BMR plus the amount of calories burnt through activity.

Body Mass Index
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a simple index of weight-for-height that is commonly used to classify underweight, overweight and obesity in adults.

BMI =        weight (kg)
height (m) x height (m)
Weight Status
less than 18.5
more than 25.0

Body Fat
Your body fat% is a key indicator of your good health. A high body fat% is not only undesirable, it also puts you at a higher risk of lifestyle diseases.
A body fat% of 15 or less is recommended for males while a body fat % of less than 25 is recommended for females.

Body Fat Calculator


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